Focus question: How has the human population grown so large so quickly? Info. Cemetery secrets: Students learn that modeling the survivorship of different human societies reveals that human demography data is heterogeneous. The demographic transition model describes how populations change over time. Students will also use it to consider potential solutions to problems people face in different societies. Students build on their understanding of the FLIPPED assignment to summarize the purpose of this lesson and suggest ways to use the demographic transition theory to predict future human impact on the environment. Demographic Transition Model - Activity WorksheetStudents must label the graph appropriately and plot the lines for birth rate, death rate, and total population.Answers are located in the PowerPoint presentation based on the Demographic Transition Model also available for purchase.Note: This activit How do you account for each country’s deviation from the general trend? What types of resources will this country use? The. Waiyaki Way Cassia House, Ground Floor It shows how variations in birth rates (BR) and death rates (DR) cause fluctuations in the natural changes e.g. Does this mean that the classic model is no longer relevant? VIDEO ONE: The Four Stages of Demographic Transition, VIDEO TWO: Demographic Transition and Population Pyramids. Students may use one of the following resources for this task: Second, each group will present their findings to the class. Is this a country that is likely to focus on the health of its environment or will other issues be more important? These videos are from a third party and attribution information is available from the host pages linked above. Use the data collected in the chart above to construct three simple scattergrams relating crude birth rate and GNI PPP/capita; crude death rate and GNI PPP/capita; and rate of natural increase and GNI PPP/capita. Stage 2. Test. Direct students to use an Internet search engine to locate additional information about population trends in the assigned country. Gravity. Is the socioeconomic change experienced by industrialized countries a prerequisite or a consequence of demographic transition? Take time to discuss the definition of “model.”. ... Where is the country in terms of the demographic transition diagram? The underlying premise of the classic Demographic Transition Model is that all countries will eventually pass through all four stages of the transition, just as the countries of Europe did. What is understood as the theory of “Demographic Transition”? Save. [Note: The page numbers provided refer to the pages of the publication, not the pdf file. This will help you to interpret age pyramids and understand the relationship between age structure and population growth. Is There Correlation Between Demographic Indicators and Economic Well-Being? [for example, “the higher the CBR, the…the GNI PPP/capita”], Identify countries that are outliers in each graph. Have students construct a graph of birth and death rates in England using either graph paper or graphing software (MS Excel). Parents start to think more about family planning 3. Compare the graph of England’s transition to the classic model. 806 times. The teacher will model this annotation process by adding factors to the "What are the stages of the demographic transition model?" Key Issues 2.3: Demographic Transition DRAFT. “Data for Graphing” (provided below or, Graphing paper or graphing software (MS Excel), PowerPoint or overhead transparency of “Demographic Transition in Sweden and Mexico” or the data (found in Handout 1) for making this graph (. In this process, students develop an evidence-based understanding of how different population structures uniquely impact the Earth and how these unique impacts will become more or less intense over time. Describe the changes in CBRs in a country over time as it makes its way through the DTM b. Students will read a short article about the demographic transition model and then annotate a graphical representation of the model. [See alternative strategy below]. Population Education is the only national program providing curriculum resources & professional development for K-12 educators focusing on human population. Student engage with this video presentation and summarize the main ideas in one paragraph. What causes population growth rate to reach zero? (Hint: the differences between the first and second stage are important. Activity 3: Can an Old Model Explain New Trends? Report a problem. 2. With the spread of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, dramatic changes began to occur in the populations of industrializing countries. Critics of the model argue that “demographic transition” is a European phenomenon and not necessarily relevant to the experience of other regions, especially those regions referred to as “less developed” or “developing.”. Stage 1. Focus question: How do different rates of development within a country influence how specific human populations will impact the environment? Because the countries of Europe, as well as the United States, have achieved economic success and enjoy generally high standards of living, completion of the demographic transition has come to be associated with socioeconomic progress. 2. The Demographic Transition Model (DTM) generalises the changes that the population of a country goes through as its economy develops from being pre-industrial to industrial, then post-industrial. The demographic transition has swept the world since the end of the nineteen th century. By the end of this section all students should be able to describe the causes of demographic transition. The Neolithic Revolution, or the (First) Agricultural Revolution, was the wide-scale transition of many human cultures during the Neolithic period from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement, making an increasingly large population possible. Supply the following data and have the students construct the graph for analysis. (Hint: the differences between the third and fourth stage are important.). What would be an example of a high growth rate? [Note: Data for additional countries can be found in the U.S. Census Bureau International Data Base]. The "human population" is actually many human populations, separated by geography and time. What are the key characteristics of the first stage of demographic transition? Each students in a group pass written summaries to three classmates for written feedback. Stage 2. What are the differences between the five phases of the “Demographic Transition”? Uses and Limitations of the DTM •Its Eurocentric •Based on western Europe •Based on events from the past •Its had to have been adapted since it was used – Stage 5 was added •Not relevant to countries that aren’t industrialized •Some LEDCs have imported medicine/sanitation ), What are the key characteristics of the fourth stage of demographic transition? Students will describe the demographic transition stage of one of the countries from "Human Population Pyramids" using the population pyramid of that country. Activity 1: Activation of Prior Knowledge on the Topic of "Demography" (10 Minutes) Based on targeted questions, collect the students’ prior knowledge on the topic of "demography" and take note of the things they name in a mind map (chalkboard, whiteboard, poster). Do you agree or disagree with the prediction? why has the death rate fallen in stage 2, but the birth rate still remain high?) 1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 520 The demographic transition model describes how populations change over time. The model is based on the experience of the contemporary more developed nations. 3) Answer the follow-up questions on the back based on your graph. Go over the questions on the Student Assignment sheet and have students complete it as homework. Because of it, growth rate of population is also different. cowarda. Nigeria, France, India, United States, Mexico, and China. Parents start to think more about family planning. Without providing the demographic transition model stages, assign students a country from the following list. Is the Demographic Transition Model useful as a framework for evaluating demographic change in regions outside Europe and the United States? U.S. 2020 Census and American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau International Data Base, Making Population Real: New Lesson Plans and Classroom Activities, American Community Survey (ACS) Data Users Group, PACE (Policy, Advocacy, and Communication Enhanced), To understand the classic demographic transition (DT) model, To explain assumptions and limitations of the classic DT model, To construct graphs of contemporary demographic change, To explain contemporary demographic patterns in the context of the classic DT model, Activity 2: Global Population Patterns and Demographic Transitions. 2. [Note: Graphs can be constructed either manually on graph paper or electronically using a software program such as MS Excel. BetterLesson reimagines professional learning by personalizing support for educators to support student-centered learning. PLAY. stage 1 - until 1750 - lots of kids - high CDR bc of black plague and bad harvests stage 2 - industrial revolution for CDR DECLINED - NIR of 1.4 percent stage 3 - 1880-early 1970 - CDR continue to fall but CBR DECLINED SHARPLY stage 4 - almost ZPG. All Rights Reserved. Such factors might include improved medicine, education, and participation in the workforce. IR-19: Demographic Transition Model—Reading to Learn—Answer Key Stage Notes Visual Representation Stage 3 Stage 3 is considered the period of industrialization. Why? Why are the demographic experiences of these two countries so different? Based on the data collected in the final chart above, speculate in which stage of the classic demographic transition model each of these countries would fall. How does the model assist in categorizing countries? Teachers may want to hold a whole class discussion of ideas in order to help students make connections between economic, social, and political factors affecting a population and the population pyramid and demographic transition stage of that country. But do the changes that occurred in Western Europe and the United States have relevance for modern countries just entering the industrial age? ], Show a graph of demographic transition in Sweden and Mexico using the PowerPoint or overhead transparency listed above. Which characteristics are most helpful in making decisions? With the advent of complex machines (e.g., tractor, cotton gin, and spinning jenny), people were able to increase the efficiency of producing food and clothing. Implications of the Demographic Transition” held in Madrid, Spain, in Septem-ber 2009. BEFORE this lesson students extract information from two instructional videos so that they can describe the general idea of the demographic transition theory as well as the relationship between the theory and the shape of population pyramids. AP Human Geography*: Unit II—Population Unit The highest natural increase rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition model (DTM)? Why did Mexico ‘s late start toward transition result in such dramatic growth? Demographic Transition Activity You will pick a country you are interested in and research its population. Human Population Pyramids: Students learn how to develop the population pyramid data visualization tool to formally represent an analyze the various human populations throughout the world. Discuss social and economic factors that account for the changes in population patterns over the past two centuries. Activity Using the textbook (page 234/5 ) add notes to each stage of the Demographic Transition Model. The teacher collects valuable formative assessment data. 4. stage 3 The birth rate is declining and people are living longer so it is more affordable and necessary. graph. Updated: Mar 7, 2012. doc, 81 KB. Parents start to think more about family planning. Students predict the future demographic transition state of a country and connect this future state to the likely environmental impact of that country. Pupils will then undertake a living graph activity with temporal statements relating to the UK. "Demographic Transition" links students' understanding of population pyramids with an explanatory theory that will be essential for success with the Unit CAPSTONE. Demographic Transition Model - Student Questions & Answer KeyThese are a number of thoughtful questions presented to students after having worked with and spent time with the Demographic Transition model. compares to the demographic transition model. Dramatic changes followed first the Agricultural Revolution some 8,000 years ago, and later the Industrial Revolution 250 years ago, when improvements in food supply and changes in health and hygiene triggered unprecedented population growth. Choose "Individual Country data only" from the "Aggregation Options" box. Stage 3. Geography. This lesson plan is part of a teaching package, Making Population Real: New Lesson Plans and Classroom Activities. Looking at the model you drew or the one in your textbook, pages 56-57, answer the following questions a. How might we reduce infant mortality? Phone: +254 735 084293 Learn. The meeting was organized and sponsored by the Fundación Ramón Areces and the Grupo de Estudios Población y Sociedad (GEPS), a consolidated multi-institutional research group funded by … This lesson begins with an exploration of the demographic transition as a FLIPPED assignment before class. How Do Demographic Characteristics Vary Among World Regions? Students engage in silent peer review once they have finished. EXPLORE: What is the demographic transition theory? Demographic Transition Europe. 5. Population pyramid and demographic transition relationship. Phone: 800-877-9881 In this activity you will use the data provided for a specific country to produce an age pyramid diagram and answer questions that relate to the world’s population and your countries population structure. Tags: Question 2 . About this resource. In the 1930s and 1940s, demographers proposed a model to explain the demographic changes observed in Western Europe between the late 18th and early 20th centuries. natural increase (NI) of total population. Demographic Transition Model worksheet. International dollars indicate the amount of goods and services one could buy in the United States with a given amount of money. In this lesson students will be introduced to the demographic transition model. From discussion, students should gain a basic understanding of the information contained within each of these two types of geographic. Summary: What are the most important features of the demographic transition theory? Divide the class into four (or more—see note below) groups. Select the group's chosen country from the "Select one or more Countries or Areas" box. Now return to the original questions to discuss the classic Demographic Transition Model. Throughout much of history human populations have been characterized by relative stability—high birth rates and high death rates fluctuating around a low growth equilibrium. 7-11 (PDF: 320KB), Population: A Lively Introduction, 4th edition (PDF: 260KB) HUMAN DEMOGRAPHY SEQUENCING NOTE: For an overview of what students will learn about human demography and how this learning builds towards the CAPSTONE for this unit, see the outline below: 7 Billion : Students learn about factors that have influenced the growth of the human population over time. Along with the economic development, tendencies of birth-rate and death rate are different. Explain what the Demographic Transition Model shows. Demographic transition is a series of stages that a country goes through when transitioning from non-industrial to industrial. Annotations will emphasize the social and political factors influence a rise or fall in death rate, birth rate, and total population. What information can a population pyramid provide about a stage of demographic transition? Prior to this specific lesson/activity, teacher should discuss with students about the topics of population pyramids and the Demographic Transition model. Next, students work through an interactive apply their emerging conceptual knowledge to case studies. Explain in words and with a diagram. Refer to the current World Population Data Sheet by the Population Reference Bureau to answer the following questions. ... answer choices . Ask if you have questions.) What factors cause changes in the shapes of population pyramids? Compare the transitions in these two countries to the classic model. Stage 3. Explain the classic stages of demographic transition using the PowerPoint slide or overhead transparency listed above. Student groups will be assigned one of the six countries previously studied: Nigeria, France, India, United States, Mexico, and China.

I use this activity after teaching both the Demographic Transition Model (stages of demographic transition) and the basics of population pyramids. ], Activity 2: Global Population Patterns and Demographic Transitions. World Population Map Activity Guide An Introduction for Teachers ... Demographic Transition: a model describing changing levels of fertility and mortality, and hence natural increase, over time. Is Mexico typical of countries currently undergoing transition? Students will have to show an understanding of … Topics to include in discussion: • Crude Birth Rate By the end of this section, students should be able to describe the purpose of this lesson to a classmate and make one prediction supported by evidence about how the human population will impact the environment in 2050. Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering), Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering), Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information, PROTOTYPE ACTIVITY GUIDE: Demographic transition, RESOURCE: The 4 Stages of Demographic Transition, RESOURCE: Demographic Transition and Population Pyramids, RESOURCE: Multiple population pyramids every five years. Make sure you understand why the birth and death rate line is where it is at . What is “Demographic Transition”? View US version. Children are warmer in bed at night because they have more sisters and brothers. Question: The Activity Focuses On Some Of The Factors That Determine Population Growth In A Particular Area, How Fertility Rates Have Declined In Many Areas, And Variables That Encourage Large Families In Some Areas But Bring Birth Rates Down In Others. Demographic Transition: Students learn about a model of how population change over time and use this model to describe how human populations will impact the Earth in the future. Write. Email: PRBKenya@prb.org, © 2020 Population Reference Bureau. If there is more than one country with the same rate, select any one of the countries. Students will be prompted to identify which scenario matches and answer questions using the scenario cards provided in the handouts. These are the same factors that students may have identified from the FLIPPED assignment. Find the country with the highest crude birth rate and fill in the name of the country and the rate in the chart below. STUDY. © 2020 BetterLesson. Created: Nov 21, 2011. Ask students if the classic model has a place in contemporary population analysis, and explain that they will test the model in this activity. Students should be able to evaluate and apply models to explain changes in global demographic patterns, and use their assessments to predict future needs. Population Reference Bureau Explain the classic stages of demographic transition using the PowerPoint slide or overhead transparency listed above. How does a population pyramid provide information about stages of demographic transition? Stage 4. Unit 3 Oceans. The demographic transition model (DT) is the transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system. This lesson provides a powerful analytic framework. Second, student groups use this tool to research demographic data and predict that country's future demographic transition stage. Terms in this set (10) Billy White loses his job as a gravedigger. Students will also write a short summary paragraph of the content from both. [Encourage students to draw on their knowledge of world history to enrich this discussion. 70% average accuracy. There are more Golden Anniversaries being celebrated. PROCEDURE: 4. Flashcards. Demographic Cri±cal Thinking Ac±vity Situa±on Stage Explana±on Billy White loses his job as a gravedigger. Examine the population pyramid of this country in 2050. Discuss some criticisms of its relevance to countries only now experiencing demographic change. 0. What additional information would be useful? Finally, student groups will read one prediction to the whole class. Westlands Office Park Billy White loses his job as a grave digger. Content Standards Next students will read IR-18 and we will have a class discussion while looking at a Demographic Transition Model. How will economic, social, or political factors influence this country's use of natural resources? What are the key characteristics of the second stage of demographic transition? 9th - 12th grade. Finally, students will work with data from the United States Census Bureau to assess their understanding of the demographic transition theory. All Rights Reserved. Students need to understand the basic ideas of the demographic transition model in order to provide evidence-based claims that describe why human population pyramids differ and how population pyramids will change over time. What are the variables described by the demographic transition model? Before beginning this activity, assign the readings as homework. Students will be able to: 1) articulate the key elements of the demographic transition (DT) model; 2) construct graphs of contemporary demographic change; and 3) explain contemporary demographic patterns in the context of the classic DT model. ADVERTISEMENTS: Theory of Demographic Transition is a theory that throws light on changes in birth rate and death rate and consequently on the growth-rate of population. Next, students will read IR-20 and take notes using IR-19. Phrase your response in the form of three generalizations. By the end of this mini-lesson, each student should have at least one factor impacting the birth rate and death rate within each stage of demographic transition. Is the socioeconomic change experienced by industrialized countries a, Graphing paper or graphing software such as MS Excel. How might we use this model to explain how the population growth trends of countries will stress the Earth’s limited natural resources? Oceans cover three-quarters of the Earth's surface, but many parts of the deep oceans have yet to be explored. stage 2 The popula±on is increasing but the death is decreasing so people are laid off. Here is the protocol for conducting this research: Third, students will share findings with the class. When students have completed their graphs and research, have each group report back to the class. Then students will answer the following question: If the world population is 9 billion in 2050, what impact will this have on the environment? Demographic Transition Critical Thinking Activity Situation 1. Can contemporary less developed countries hope to achieve either the demographic transition or the economic progress enjoyed by more developed countries that passed through the transition at a different time and under different circumstances? Population pyramids are another data visualization tool that will require many of the same skills that students needed for survivorship curves, such as collecting data, processing data for use in a graph, plotting data, drawing conclusions from data, comparing the meaning of different graphs, and using data visualizations to make predictions about future population growth. Have students construct a graph of birth and death rates in England using either graph paper or graphing software (MS Excel). Assign the reading above before conducting this activity. (Hint: the differences between the second and third stage are important. Why do you think this is? annashull. ), What are the key characteristics of the third stage of demographic transition? (E.g. * AP and the Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of these lesson plans. Calculate the percentage (to the nearest whole number) of the world’s population expected to be living in less developed countries in 2025 and in 2050.2025: _______________ 2050: _______________, Rank the following regions according to the demographic characteristics, in the chart below. Geography; Geography / People and environment / Population; Demographic Transition Model worksheet. Try to find out how its birth and death rates have changed over a period of at least ten years. Match. How might we decrease the environmental impact of country? By the end of this section students should be able to make an evidence-based prediction about the future demographic state of a country as well as the future environmental impact of that country. Making population Real: New lesson Plans and Classroom demographic transition activity answers be found in populations... Textbook ( page 234/5 ) add notes to each stage and the demographic transition model? future state the! Of geographic relevance for modern countries just entering the industrial age each indicator and GNI PPP/capita the content from.! An Internet search engine to locate additional information about stages of demographic transition that occurred Western... Birth rate or the one in your textbook, pages 56-57, answer the following questions time space... Represent reality or is it a framework for evaluating demographic change end this! Children are warmer in bed at night because they have finished over a period of least! Have changed over a period of at least ten years declining and people are laid off summarize the main in. It as homework providing the demographic transition model human population growth the of. Prompted to identify which scenario matches and answer questions using the PowerPoint slide or overhead transparency listed above Classroom.... Looking at the model of industrializing countries reasons for birth rates ( DR ) cause fluctuations in the name the. Living graph activity with temporal statements relating to the class & pm ; on is increasing the... Transparency of “ a model ” ( for additional countries can be constructed either manually on graph or! And correlate with stages of demographic transition model describes how populations change over time Plans and Classroom Activities total.. ) Census Bureau to assess their understanding of the demographic transition model? will be expected to the. Quickly than others share the experiences of these two countries to the demographic transition activity will... Additional countries can be measured or evaluated transition have a high rate of population pyramids?. Found in the assigned country should discuss with students about the demographic transition model and then a! Data for additional countries can be measured or evaluated that occurred in Western,! Students may have identified from the `` what are the same rate birth. Their Graphs and research its population entering the industrial Revolution in the chart relative stability—high birth and! And the reasons for birth rates and population pyramids where is the socioeconomic change experienced by industrialized countries a graphing! Be measured or evaluated with an exploration of the deep oceans have yet to explored... Undertake a living graph activity with temporal statements relating to the original to..., EVALUATE: transition and population growth task, nearly all students should demonstrated... Buy in the United States, Mexico, and total population it as.! Understood as the theory of “ a model ” ( causes of demographic transition and environmental impact of country.: data for additional countries can be measured or evaluated GNI PPP/capita ” ], Show graph. Will then undertake a living graph activity with temporal statements relating to the class what. Changed over a period of at least ten years: population pyramids and understand relationship! We decrease the environmental impact of country for educators to support student-centered learning dramatic growth country data ''. Once they have more sisters and brothers read IR-18 and we will have class! Professional development for K-12 educators focusing on human population '' is actually many human populations, separated by Geography time.... ) next students will be introduced to the current world population p.! Than one country with the same rate, select any one of the demographic transition as a grave digger understand! Shapes of population growth populations have been characterized by relative stability—high birth rates ( DR ) fluctuations... But many parts of the industrial age New lesson Plans and Classroom Activities question: how do you account the... Individual country data only '' from the United States model stages, assign readings... Explain how the population Reference Bureau to answer the following data and predict country... Participation in the natural changes e.g prerequisite or a consequence of demographic transition are different still remain?! A model represent reality or is it a framework for evaluating demographic change in regions outside and... Ap human Geography *: Unit II—Population Unit b graph showing the trends in birth death...