This is a C, E and ferulic acid serum, with 15% L-AA. For all those sensitive folks out there, just keep a close eye out for this one. Current concentration use in cosmetics based on a CIR assessment has indicated that phenoxyethanol may be used at a range of ≤ 0.0002% to 1%. Bottom line: It is a skin-conditioning agent, emulsifying agent, and binder – with strong antioxidative capacity to thwart UV damage to the skin. At the low price point, I slather it on a little heavier also, including down my neck. I may try the Maelove serum until it becomes more feasible for me. Bottom line: Maltodextrin functions as a viscosity increasing agent, emulsifier, and skin-conditioning agent in cosmetic products. As a young startup, we’re incredibly fortunate to partner with 3 of the most respected cosmetic laboratories in the world. It is the most. Thank you. And while I scanned all avenues of scientific publications for this very information, I found nothing that credibly links this exact number to a particular study or research-based calculation. Retails about twenty bucks for 2oz so it’s definitely a better deal. MaeLove Glow Maker ($27.95): Available at MaeLove. In fact, a 2016 study evaluated 13 patients who reported allergic contact dermatitis caused by ethylhexylglycerin. Glycerin (or glycerol) is one of the oldest humectant agent (water attracting) ingredients used to assist in hydrating and moisturizing the skin surface. Vitamin C suspension 30% in silicone from the ordinary. Ingredients explained. Maltodextrin functions as a viscosity increasing agent, emulsifier, and skin-conditioning agent in cosmetic products. Of those ingredients, it was concluded that TEA was one of the more frequently associated ingredients for allergic contact dermatitis. Exposure to UV light reduces the availability of vitamin C in the skin. However, overuse of preservatives within a formulation has also been shown to lead to increased incidences of contact allergy. I really can't stand the smell of ferulic acid on my face...it reminds of old period blood and the smell lingers all day. Decreasing agent used to dilute the viscosity (or thickness) of a potential solution. In fact, historically speaking, EDTA was often used as a chelating agent to treat patients who were poisoned with heavy metals (such as lead or zinc). In fact, there seem to be other emollient, skin-conditioning, and humectants included: The Glow Maker also includes additional antioxidants: And of course, there are the usual preservatives and skeptical ingredients: If SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic price point is out of your budget ($166) and you are looking for a fairly similar 15% L-ascorbic acid serum to test, then Maelove The Glow Maker may be for you. OBSESSIVE RESEARCH:  We start by looking at proven clinical research in peer-reviewed journals and collaborate with brilliant chemists, dermatologists, plastic surgeons and medical researchers to create formula blue prints. The Maelove The Glow Maker, a vitamin C serum packed with antioxidants, has sold out three times this year — and now it's finally back in stock. Water. If you were considering diving into the wonderful world of vitamin C serums, the Maelove The Glow Maker might be the most economical option to date. Hi Kir – Well it depends on your serum, so I can’t really speak specifically to any discoloration. I used the C-Firma and I’m currently using the Sunday Riley. I really like their story about how it developed so … It’s what makes the science behind the benefits really resonate. It is a bit tacky. I've had it open for nearly 8 weeks at this point. It’s what makes the science behind the benefits really resonate. evaluated the influence of a cream containing 20% glycerin and whether it affected the skin barrier function during repeat application. Didn't use it long enough to notice an effect because I didn't like it at all. BACK IN STOCK The Glow Maker is the best reviewed Vitamins C, E, Ferulic Acid and Hyaluronic Acid serum. Best if formulated with Vitamin C ingredients but may be a potential for dermatitis. I have noticed my skin feels softer and smoother since I started using it regularly, but I need to use it daily to achieve this effect. Good old water, aka H2O. I will definitely repurchase. TEA may often be used as a preservative in cosmetics as well. It is a liquid serum, similar to the consistency of DE C-Firma but not as oily and has no scent/barely any scent. Used for its aroma and stress/anxiety reduction. As a result, this form incurs poor penetration into the skin because of the hydrophobic (water-repelling) character of the stratum corneum (skin layer). Good option for those who wants to incorporate vitamin c serum in the skin regimen. This may be the shortest review I’ve ever done in my life. evaluated the influence of glycerin, water, and various other skin mechanics to clarify the effects of short-term influence.