In this post, I will introduce you to three different ways to greet someone in Korean. They are: informal, familiar, formal, and honorific. For example, using 나 to an older person you just met. In short, these phrases simply mean “I miss you”. Haha! So, to learn more about this, just listen carefully to … Sa-rang-hap-ni-da. Formal: najung-e bwaeyo! Alright, now let’s learn some phrases! And it is usually used for people who are similar to your age or younger than you. When travelling in Korea, you may notice that some Koreans keep a distance from you, and you may quickly conclude that Koreans dislike foreigners. What other Korean swear words do you think we should have included? To say “I” or “me” in Korean you would use juh (저).). In Korean there are two ways of speaking. an older brother speaking to his younger sibling) then the informal noun and verb form is used. The Korean language has a system of honorifics that recognizes and reflects the hierarchical social status of participants with respect to the subject and/or the object and/or the audience. You can also use it to say “hello”, so it’s a handy word to know! Therefore, you will see many phrases have ‘yo’ attached at the end, which usually helps reform the Korean word into the formal form of the word. jal-ja-yo (polite) (in Hangul: 잘자요) It literally translates to “sleep well” so it pretty much spot on means the same in Korean as it does in English. (e.g. I love you… Korean has formal and informal embedded in the grammar, much like most European languages with a T-V distinction but with more levels. Na (나) also means “I” or “me.” It’s just that na (나) is informal while juh (저) is used when you want to express yourself formally. What Are Korean Honorifics? Keep reading to learn how to ask someone on a date or tell them you can’t live without them! Very Formal: najung-e bwaegetsseumnida! Bo-go-ship-uh 보고 싶어 (informal) Bo-go-ship-uh-yo 보고 싶어요 (formal) This is the most common way to express how you miss someone in Korean. Based on the level of respect or formality, you can say "See you later!" (Don’t worry! They’re good to know if you want to read religious scriptures or watch intense Korean period-dramas, but you won’t hear them in everyday life. Of course, you can write a just simple letter, but using the Korean style could be greatly appreciated by your Korean contacts. The singular first person pronoun on the informal level is na (나).). As you may know, respect and etiquette is kind of a big deal in Korean culture, and the social rules trickle down to how you speak. Informal Language. This is especially used on birthdays. Honorific 어디에 계세요? There are many little nuances that we have explained in this graphic below. The other levels are mostly outdated. This is because when choosing which style or form of speech to use in Korean you need to know someone’s age and/or position at work or school. However, “걱정하지 마세요! Whether you’re studying Korean for academic reasons or to prepare for an upcoming trip, there are a few key Korean phrases that can help you communicate and find your way around.. Maybe you feel great, or you’re having a really bad day – either way you’ll know how to explain after this free Rocket Korean audio lesson. Let’s go back to the first two ways you learned to say “goodbye” in Korean. The phrase dictionary category 'Personal| Letter' includes English-Korean translations of common phrases and expressions. They don’t! 3. We will also later go into second and third person pronouns and how to make them plural in our next graphic on this topic. Congratulations in Korean Casual/Informal. Speakers use honorifics to indicate their social relationship with the addressee and/or subject of the conversation, concerning their age, social status, gender, degree of intimacy, and speech act situation. Formal 어디세요? If someone says “I love you” in Korean, then you can reply with “Na-do sa-rang-hae”, which means “I love you, too”. First off, let’s start off with the singular first person pronoun on the formal level. There are 3 basic dimensions of honorifics in the Korean language: formality, politeness, and honorificity.This means that the type of Korean you speak could change depending on the situation, the status, or the age of the people involved in the conversation. Translation for 'informal' in the free English-Korean dictionary and many other Korean translations. in Korean in 3 ways: Informal: najung-e boja! If you’re traveling to Korea or getting to know people closer to home, these words and phrases are essential for your Korean language survival kit. OK. bab.la arrow_drop_down. )” As long as you are aware of the following three levels of politeness, and you use standard polite form, “–요” ending, you … 사랑합니다. Now you know when someone’s scolding you in Korean. This is the informal way of saying, “I love you” and is used between people that are close, such as lovers, making it one of the most commonly used expressions in Korean dramas. See a translation Report copyright infringement; Answers When you "disagree" with an answer. Korean vocabulary in this graphic: Informal: 나 (na) = I ‘름이’ from ‘이름이’ is pronounced as [르미]. 나중에 봽겠습니다! This polite form is used when you first meet someone. You would say this to very close friends, children, and someone younger than you (if you’ve had their permission to use the casual form). You meet a person for the first time. If you want to say “I love you” in Korean in an informal setting, say “Saranghae.” In a formal setting, say “Saranghamnida” instead. So, any time you talk to a stranger you should use this form of speech, which is called 존댓말. There is a hierarchy based on age and social status. If you are addressing someone that is considered less than you in status, importance, age, etc. Formal speech is used towards people you don't know or aren't close with, people who are older than you and people you are higher than your own social standing such as your boss. Informal, used between family, friends or colleagues. With that said, most Koreans won’t expect foreigners to understand this kind of concept but you will most likely fail to make a good impression if you speak to them in ‘lower’ form, like you … Let’s look at the pronunciation. The owner of it will not be notified. 나중에 봬요! Want to learn Korean? I like you → Jeo-neun Dang-shin-eul Jo-ah-hae-yo. For the casual/informal form, you will simply say 축하해!. Find out how you can do so from the comfort of your own home. Formal and Informal Phrases. Formal (존댓말) and informal (반댓말, 반말). Unless you feel comfortable with your Korean and don’t want to offend anyone, this is what you should use. “ How do you say that in Korean informal. Sa-rang-hae-yo. Then, I propose to show you the basics of writing in Korean. We’ll show you the difference between formal and informal expressions, so you can be sure you’re using the right tone for the situation. There may be different type of development in a letter, but the introduction and the conclusion are, for the most part, almost the same. Perhaps one of the most common uses of formal vs. informal language is the initial greeting in Korean: As such, you will always see 나 used in informal situations and in sentences conjugated informally. Also could be used towards your sweetheart if you normally speak formally to one another.) If you directly translate “jal jinae” it would be “are you doing well?”. Below, you get the essential Korean phrases you need to express your romantic feelings toward your crush.